Monday, November 11, 2019

WW I Howard and Fred Kipp

In memory
My uncles Howard and Fred Kipp served overseas in WW I. This picture shows them meeting overseas either in England, perhaps at Seaford, or somewhere in France. They both returned home.

Howard and Fred Kipp                                                                                         Howard Kipp

Sunday, November 10, 2019

In memory of my father Lorne B Kipp (1901-1945).

In memory of my father Lorne B Kipp (1901-1945).
He did not fight in the war but served at home.

This article was published in The Ottawa Genealogist, Vol. 48, No.1. P. 24. January-March 2015.
Soldiers of the Soil
by Edward Kipp

By 1917, farm labour shortages led Canadian authorities to ask older children and adolescents to help.  The Soldiers of the Soil initiative was run by the Canadian Food Board and it encouraged adolescent boys to volunteer for farm service.  In exchange for their farm labour, for at least three months or more, they received a Soldiers of the Soil badge acknowledging their service.

I have had one of these badges in my possession for a number of years and wondered what it was for and who it was given too.  The badge came from my Grandmother Kipp's estate.

After reading what I could find out about this program, I have decided that it must have been given to my father Lorne B. Kipp.  By 1917, he was 16 years old and at an age where he could have signed up for the military.  His two brothers had joined the military already, Howard in 1914 (age 20) and Fred in 1917 (age 18).  Lorne was active in assisting his father with the farm and would later look after the farm after his father William Henry Kipp died in 1921.

Canadian War Museum.  Website accessed December 17, 2014.

Chilliwack Museum.  Website accessed December 17, 2014.

Manitoba Historical Society.  Website accessed December 17, 2014.

Thursday, March 28, 2019

Living DNA Results

Living DNA Results

My Living DNA results have come in and have proven to be quite interesting.  Looking at my known ancestry, 80% of my ancestors were in the American Colonies prior to 1700.  The first arrivals were: Hendrick Hendricksen [Kip] (Note 1) between 1637 and 1642 from the Netherlands into the New Netherland colony; Winthrop family 1630 into the New England colonies from the Netherlands where they had lived for a number of years due to their being Non-Conformists from England; Roger Williams (freedom of worship and a founder of Rhode Island) 1631 from England to The Massachusetts Bay Colony.  This group of Non-Conformists were primarily from the areas around London and London itself as well as up into Yorkshire.  Also included in this early group was my paternal line from Amsterdam and earlier to that from the area to the north and east closer to the border of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen).  

Another group of my early American ancestors came from Ile de Re, France (Huguenots) about 1686 (Perlier or Parlee) to settle first at Narragansett and then on to Staten Island.  From the Palatinate another 10% of my ancestors came to the American colonies and New York State between 1710 and 1750.  

Then in the early 1830s my 2x great grandmother (Abbs), her parents and siblings came to Ontario from Norfolk, England.  

My latest arrivals were my great grandmother (Niemann) from Mecklenburg in 1846 and my great grandfather (Schultz) from Mecklenburg in 1866.  One would expect these results to be quite diverse and they were.  The percentages of my ancestry, as revealed by the testing at Living DNA from particular areas, sent me on a path to examine all those 8x, 9x, and 10x great grandparents.  We are a product of all of those ancestors and the amount we inherit from each of them can be as low as 0% beyond our parents.

From our parents we always inherit 50% from each looking at our autosomal DNA; from each of our grandparents we will inherit approximately 25% but that can be quite variable with our inheriting between 0% and 50% from each one.

Note 1: Hendrick Hendricksen [Kip] came from Amsterdam, Netherlands to New Amsterdam, between 1637 and 1642.  His surname of Hendricksen was a patronymic. Research suggests that he acquired the surname Kip or Kype or Kyp after arriving in New Amsterdam.

Map of autosomal Inheritance (Living DNA):

Overall I am said to be 98.2% European and 1.8% Near East.

The above map illustrates the sub region map Great Britain and Ireland, 19% Europe (North and West), 8.3% Europe (South), 5.4% Europe (East) and 1.8% Near East (North Turkey).

Going down one more level yielded a quite in-depth look at these results.

Great Britain and Ireland
Southeast England 32.1%, North Yorkshire 14.2%, East Anglia 14%, Cornwall 3.7%, Central England 1.6%

Europe (North and West)
Germanic 13.3%, Scandinavia 4.2%, France 1.4%

Europe (South)
Aegean 4.4%, Tuscany 3.9%

Europe (East)
Northeast Europe 3.6%, Finland and Western Russia 1.8%

Near East
North Turkey 1.8%

I have never really thought of myself as English (ancestry from those counties called England within Great Britain) but looking back at my 8x, 9x, 10x great grandparents and their origins I discovered that more than half of my ancestors were from England (and they were mostly non-conformist!).

Since my 2x great grandmother came directly from Norfolk the 14% certainly includes her.  It is large for a 2x great grandparent (generally thought to be 6.25% (varies between 0% and 12.5%)) and I do have some American colonial ancestors known to be from England but their place of origin is unknown.

The North Yorkshire is large at 14.2% but I do have non-conformist ancestry from this area.

Southeast England covers the areas where many of my non-conformist ancestors lived prior to going to Holland where they lived for a generation or more.

Cornwall I have no idea at this point in time but will investigate that with some of my unknown lines. Central England fits in with my known non-conformist ancestry.

I did think my Germanic ancestry was somewhat low (17.5%; Germanic 13.3% and Scandinavia 4.2%) given my paternal great grandparents coming directly to Canada from Germany would be around 25%.  Also my mother’s paternal line is Palatine German but in two hundred and fifty years intermarriage with many English families has indeed minimized that German influence.  The Eastern European likely belongs to my German great grandparents as well.

My French ancestry (1.4%) is mostly from Ile de Re (6x great grandparents) predicted inheritance from a 6x great grandparent is 0.39% (or 0.78% as both of these 6x great grandparents were French Huguenots) and the Perlier-Parlee family immediately intermarried into English families after their arrival in the late 1600s.

The Southern European ancestry is unknown to me but it is very small and could just be an echo from a much earlier time in my ancestral history and that likely includes the Near East Ancestry.

Living DNA also examined 389 SNPs on the Y chromosome.  I had only tested myself to R-L48 at FT DNA.  R-L48 is known as the Null 425 group known to be localized to an area within 100 kilometres of Amsterdam.  This further delineation of my haplogroup took me to R-Z326 with this particular haplogroup subclade named as the Germanic branch of the R1b father-line.  Interestingly my Hendricksen [Kip] family is found in the area of Eastern Netherlands close to the West German border (Lower Saxony).

Mitochondrial DNA results are also given with this particular test and the map of this particular subclade T2b3b was rather interesting.  Although I can trace my maternal line back to Margaret Carr born circa 1654 at Newport, Rhode Island daughter of Robert Carr - the name of his wife is a mystery although some have given her the name of Hannah Hale.

Sunday, February 10, 2019

Books Read in 2018

Books Read in 2018
A good deal of reading was interruped by home renovations.

I spent most of the year reading the first five books of George R.R. Martin's sage A Song of Ice and Fire. Usually referred to as the Game of Thrones.
We also watched the videos of seasons 1 to 7 and are waiting for the next season and the next book
The Winds of Winter.

The President Is Missing, by Bill Clinton and James Patterson. 2018.

Partially read: Leonardo Da Vinci, by Walter Isaacson. 2017. A large book with a great deal of detail but very interesting. Should finish it in 2019.

Wednesday, September 19, 2018

Coffin Plate - George Benham M.D.

Coffin or Casket Plate/Plaque

George Benham M.D.

I have had this item in my possession for many years and never gave it much thought. This is a coffin plate for George Benham M.D. Died April 9th 1887, aged 47 years. (Aug. 1840 - April 9, 1887).
He was the husband of Calista Emery Kipp January 30, 1846 to June 13, 1911. [My 1st cousin twice removed. Descended from Richard Titus Kipp, a brother to my great grandfather Benjamin Kipp]
They lived at Princeton, Ontario.

Coffin plates are decorative adornments attached to the coffin that contain genealogical information like the name and death date of the deceased. Generally made of a soft metal like lead, pewter, silver, brass, copper, zinc or tin. The different metals reflect the different functions of the plates, or the status and wealth of the deceased. For a basic funeral, a simple lead plate would be lettered with the name, date of death and often the age of the departed, and nailed to the lid of a wooden coffin.

In the late 1840s the first machine made coffin plates began to appear. At first they were simple shapes stamped out of a flat piece of metal. The industrial manufactured coffin plates of course had no names on them. They were in fact just blanks that were intended to be engraved by someone in the local community such as a jeweller or undertaker. As such the quality of the engraving varies wildly.

In North America the same time that the use of coffin plates was increasing in popularity the practice of removing the plates from the coffin before burial increased. Often the Coffin Plates were never attached to the coffin but displayed on a stand or table next to it. The coffin plates were removed to be kept as mementos by the loved ones of the deceased.

Monday, April 23, 2018

The Thorne-Wilkins Burying Ground

New York Researcher, New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, Vol. 28, No. 4, Winter 2017. Pages 5-8.

This article is about the Thorne-Wilkins Burying Ground at Fort Totten on Willets Point in Bayside, New York.

This is of interest to me as I am a descendant of William Thorn(e) Sr. He is supposed to have landed at Boston about 1629. He was admitted as a freeman at Lynn, Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 2, 1638. He left Lynn early in 1643 for Long Island as one of the followers of Lady Deborah Moody (Gravesend, LI). He was one of the patentees at Flushing, LI in 1645. He was one of the signers of the Flushing Remonstrance of 1657.

I am descended through his son Joseph Thorne (cir. 1642-1727), who married Mary Bowne. Mary Bowne was a daughter of John Bowne (1627-1695) and Hannah Feake (1637-1677). Quakers or the Society of Friends.

Research Sources for your Palatine Ancestors

Research Sources for your Palatine Ancestors

1)   Early Eighteenth Century Palatine Emigration, by Walter Allen Knittle. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1965, reprint of 1937 edition.

2)   Palatine Roots: The 1710 German Settlement in New York as Experienced by Johann Peter Wagner, by Nancy Wagoner Dixon. Camden, ME: Picton Press, 1994.

3)   The Palatine Families of New York: A Study of German Immigrants Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710, by Henry Z. Jones. Camden, ME: Picton Press, Third printing 1995.

4)   More Palatine Families: Some Immigrants to the Middle Colonies 1717-1776 and their European Origins, plus New Discoveries on German Families Who Arrived in Colonial New York in 1710, by Henry Z. Jones. Privately published 1991.

5)   Even More Palatine Families: 18th Century Immigrants to the American Colonies and Their German, Swiss and Austrian Origins, by Henry Z. Jones. Privately published.

6)   The Palatine Families of Ireland, by Henry Z. Jones. Privately published.

7)   The Book of Names: Especially Relating to The Early Palatines and the First Settlers in the Mohawk Valley, complied and arranged by Lou D. MacWethy. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985.

8)   Palatine Heads of Families from Governor Hunter’s Ration Lists, June 1710 to September 1714, by Boyd Ehle. See the following website:

9)   Mohawk Valley in the Revolution: Committee of Safety Papers & Genealogical Compendium, by Maryly B. Penrose. Franklin Park, NJ: Liberty Bell Associates, 1978.

10)   The Palatines of New York State: A complete compilation of the history of the Palatines who first came to New York State in 1708-1722. The Palatine Society, 1953.

11)  Pages from the Past, No. 4, Palatine Historical Background. Palatines to America, 1993.

12)  The Simmendinger Register. Baltimore, MD: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1984.

13)  The Palatines of Olde Ulster, by Benjamin Myer Brink. Saugerties, NY: Hope Farm Press, 2000.

14)  The Irish Palatines in Ontario: Religion, Ethnicity, and Rural Migration, by Carolyn A. Heald. Gananoque, ON: Langdale Press, 1994.

15)  Pennsylvania Mennonite Heritage, Vol. 31, N.4, October 2008.  A tri-centennial celebration of the Palatine Migration of 1708/09.

16)  Palatines to America German Genealogy Society.

17)  Montgomery County Department of History and Archives, Old Courthouse, Fonda, NY.