Monday, February 4, 2013

Information on the Ancestry of Hendrick Hendricksen (Kip) the Founder of the Kip Family in America

Hendrick Hendricksen (Kip) was born about 1600 in Niewenhuys as recorded in the Book of Betrothals in Amsterdam, Netherlands.  [Series of Baptism – Marriage and Burial Registers in Amsterdam No. 629-fo. 43.V.].  On April 20, 1624, Heyndrik Heyndrixsz of Niewenhuys, 24 years of age, was betrothed to Tryntie Lubberts from Swoll (Zwoll), 25 years of age, orphan. Tyrntie was born about 1599. [History of the Kip Family in America, by Frederic Ellsworth Kipp, 1928.]
Searching marriages from we find that Henrick Henrixsz(en) married Trijntje Lubberts on May 5, 1624 at Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, Netherlands. [Indexing Project No. M01225-2. Source Film No. 113358.] [Indexing Project No. M90102-1. Source Film No. 113364
Various books printed between 1848 and 1928 give a brief history of the De Kype family from Ruloff De Kype born in 1510 up to the Hendrick De Kype born in 1576.  This Hendrick De Kype is supposed to have taken part in the Company of Foreign Countries.  It is said he also married Margaret De Marneil and came to New Amsterdam with his family in 1635.

A search of the internet for the names De Kype and De Marneil bring forward miscellaneous references to The Kip Family in America book plus others which have no relevance to us.  So I do not know where these names came from.

None of the books, a list of which is provided in the bibliography provides a source for this information.  The first mention of this is contained in American Genealogy, by Jerome B. Holgate, p. 109, 1848 and The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution, by Benson J. Lossing. Vol. II, p. 81, 1852.

All subsequent books or publications cite these two sources, with an attempt to correct some of the lineage by Edwin R. Purple in Contributions to the History of the Kip Family of New York and New Jersey, 1877.

Early records of New Amsterdam and New York often refer to Hendrick Hendricksen, the tailor or snyer or snyder.  There was a second Hendrick the tailor in New Amsterdam as well, who was Hendrick Janszen Snyder.  This man was the father of Catalyntje Hendricks Snyers who married Isaac Hendricksen Kip a son of Hendrick Hendricksen.

According to Fredric E Kipp, in his book on page 19 there is a reference to the Records of Old West India Company, No. 14, LXXV fol. 90 vo, as follows.

The Minutes of the Directors of Amsterdam, Holland, record that “Henrick Henricksen Snijder requests for account of Henrick Jansen Snijder according to the bill of exchange, dated Aug. 15, 1635 and signed by Wouter van Twiller and Martin Gerritsen, the amount of 326 gilders, 19 stivers, 8 pennies.”

His request was referred to the Commissioners for New Netherland.  Thus he was living in Amsterdam before 1636.  (I have not seen this reference.)

The Manatus Map made in 1639, shows the Plantation of the tailor as No. 45 on the map.  Fredric E Kip has speculated that this is Henrdick Hendricksen Kip.  Stokes in The Iconography of Manhattan Island 1498 to 1909, New York, 1956, in the section dealing with The Manatus Maps The First Survey of Manhattan Island 1639 does not indicate who Snyder or the Tailor was.  On this tract of land the village of New Harlem was laid out.

The first mention of the surname Kip in the records would appear to be March 4, 1643 when Hendrick Snyder Kip said about the Director of the Colony Kieft, “We ought to send the Kievit back to Holland in the Peacock. & etc.”  [History of New Netherland or New York Under The Dutch, by E.B. O’Callaghan, Vol. 1, Second edition, D. Appleton & Company, 1855. P. 272.]

On April 28, 1643 Hendrick obtained a patent for a lot east of the fort on Bridge Street near Whitehall where he erected a house and shop.  In 1647 he was chosen as one of the first Board of "Nine Men" to act as Governing Tribunal for New Amsterdam.  Apparently he was satirically called "Hendrick Kip of the haughty lip" because he was strong and fearless.  He also held office again in 1649 and 1650.  He was appointed a Grand Schepen on Feb. 2, 1656, and on April 11, 1657 he was admitted to the Rights of a Great Burgher.  Thus he took an important part in the government of New Amsterdam.  After New Amsterdam was surrendered, he took the Oath of Allegiance to the English in October 1664.

His will (found in the Kip Family papers, Manuscript Division, New York Public Library) apparently was never officially recorded.  It was drawn by notary Willem Bogardus.  Since both will and accounting cite the notary, it seems likely that Bogardus, who was city treasurer 1680-85 and later postmaster of New York province, entrusted the papers to Hendrick's son Jacob, especially since Jacob, who served five terms as city schepen, aided in administering the estate.  His 7800 guilder estate was a substantial one for that time period.  Will dated Feb. 2, 1671; Codicil dated Aug. 4, 1680; Estate accounting March 8, 1686.

Many books (from 1848 to 1928) give him an ancestry with the surname De Kype.  None of these books provide a source for this information and the current maintainer of the Kip/Kipp Family in America database has found no evidence to indicate it is true.  It would appear his Dutch surname was Hendricksen or Henrixsz or Henrixsen and that sometime between when he arrived in New Amsterdam about 1637 and March 1643 he assumed the surname Kip.  This could be described as a "dit" name, since there were several others in New Amsterdam and New England with the surname Hendricksen and also another tailor Hendrick Jansen Snyder, sometimes referred to as Hendrick the tailor.

This conclusion is supported by a recently found reference in a 1909 book “History of the City of New York in the Seventeenth Century,” by Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer.  In Chapter VII she talks about variations in names used in New Amsterdam and she comments  “For instance, the first bearer of a name now honorably known in many parts of America was a tailor whose signature for years was Hendrick Hendricksen but afterwards Hendrick Hendricksen Kip – kip meaning a hen or the band that ties a bundle of dried fish.”

However, the family has used the surname Kip or Kipp since about 1643 so I do not think we are about to change.

American Genealogy, Being A History of Some of the Early Settlers of North America and Their Descendants, from Their First Emigration to the Present Time, & Etc. By Jerome B. Holgate. Albany, NY: Joel Munsell. 1848.

The Pictorial Field-Book of the Revolution & etc. By Benson J. Lossing. In two volumes. Vol. II. New York, NY: Harper & Brothers, Publishers. 1851.

Manual of the Corporation of the City of New York, for 1852. By D.T. Valentine. New York, NY: George P. Putnam. 1852.

Cyclopedia of American Literature & etc. By Evert A. Duyckinck and George L. Duycjinck. In two volumes. Vol. II. New York, NY: Charles Scribner. 1866.

Historical Notes of the Family of Kip of Kipsburg and Kip’s Bay, New York. Privately printed. Albany, NY: Joel Munsell. 1871.

Contributions to the History of the Kip Family of New York and New Jersey. By Edwin R. Purple. New York, NY: Privately Printed. 1877.

American Family Antiquity. By Albert Welles. Vol. II. Kip Family. New York, NY: American College for Genealogical Registry and Heraldry. 1881.

Contributions to the History of Ancient Families of New Amsterdam and New York. By Edwin R. Purple. With additions by Samuel S. Purple. New York, NY: Privately Printed. 1881.

Abstract of Title of Kip’s Bay Farm in the City of New York, & etc. Also Early History of the Kip Family and The Genealogy as Refers to the Title. By John J. Post. New York, NY: S. Victor Constant. 1894.

Famous Families of New York. & etc. Vol. I. By Margherita Arlina Hamm. New York, NY: G.P. Putnam’s Sons. 1902.

History of New Netherland or New York Under the Dutch. Vol. I. Second Edition. By E.B. O’Callaghan. New York, NY: D. Appleton & Co. 1855.

History of New Netherland or New York Under the Dutch. Vol. II. Second Edition. By E.B. O’Callaghan. New York, NY: D. Appleton & Co. 1855.

Documents Relating to the Colonial History of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France. Vol. I. By John Romeyn Brodhead. Edited by E.B. O’Callaghan. Albany, NY: Weed. Parson and Co., Printers. 1856.

Transcripts of Documents in the Royal Archives of The Hague. Holland Documents: VIII – XVI. 1657-1678.

Transcripts of Documents in the Queen’s State Paper Office. London Documents: I – VIII. 1614-1692.

Original Narratives of Early American History. Narratives of New Netherland 1609-1664. Edited by J. Franklin Jameson. New York, NY: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1909.

History of the City of New York in the Seventeenth Century, by Mrs. Schuyler Van Rensselaer. Vol. 1, New Amsterdam. The MacMillan Co. New York. 1909.

History of the Kip Family in America. By Frederic Ellsworth Kip. Assisted by Margarita Lansing Hawley. 1928


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